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Lately, more Mexicans are actually leaving the U.S. than the ones migrating into the country. This is a reversal of one of the significant immigration trends in the country’s history. As per a recent study held by the Pew Research Center, the desire to come together with families is the main reason for the Mexicans to go home. The recovery from the recession is sluggish, and this is also one of the contributions for the same. Also, the tougher border enforcement deterred some Mexicans from entering the United States.
The study found that a little more than 1 million Mexicans along with their families that include children born in American have left the U.S. for Mexico between 2009 and 2014. At the same time, almost 870,000 Mexicans entered the United States.
The finding is a follow-up to the study in 2012 that revealed that the net migration between these two countries was almost zero. This represents the turning point that is one of the trends in mass migration in the U.S. history. Over 16 million Mexicans have moved to the U.S. between 1965 and 2015, and this is more than the migration rate from the other countries. The director of Hispanic Research at Pew, Mark Hugo Lopez stated that the half-century mass migration originated from Mexico is coming to an end.
He claimed that this is something that is coming. It has been almost a decade since the migration from Mexico to the U.S. has slowed down. These findings oppose the narrative of the out of control border that has figured in the U.S. campaigns with Donald Trump, the Republican calling for Mexico to pay for a fence that will run the entire length of 1954 miles.
Pew stated that there were 11.7 million Mexicans in the U.S. in 2014 which is down from the highest figure of 12.8 million in the year 2007. This includes the 5.6 million residing in the U.S. The same is illegally lower than 6.9 million in the year 2007. The Border Patrol detained more non-Mexicans than the Mexicans last year as a huge number of Central Americans entered the U.S. via South Texas.
The U.S. and Mexican census details were analyzed. As per a Mexican questionnaire related to the residential history, 61 percent of them living in the U.S. in the year 2009 have returned to the U.S. in 2014 to start a family. 14 percent of them have been deported, and 6 percent of them have returned for their livelihood in Mexico.
As per a public policy professor, Dowell Myers at the University of Southern California, the lack of jobs in the United Stated is the most motivating reason for the Mexicans to leave the country. He claimed that it was not due to the family ties. The Mexican population is getting old, and there is very less competition for the youngsters looking for jobs there. This is a major change from the 1990s when people entered the workforce felt that they did not have any choice than to migrate northwards, he added.